[English] MAKNA Getting to know Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lungs, producing a growth called a tumour. Cancerous tumours, called malignant tumours, can spread to invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. Eventually, it may spread through the lymph channels or bloodstream to form new tumors in other parts of the body.

Presently, lung cancer is the second cause of cancer deaths in Malaysia. In fact, 95% of lung cancer patients die within 5 years of diagnosis.

90% of lung cancer is a result of cigarette smoking. The occurrence of lung cancer is also high among non-smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoke. Tobacco smoke contains some 4,000 different chemicals, of which many are extremely damaging to cells. Over time, these cells can turn cancerous. The more a person smokes, the higher the risk of getting cancer – not just lung cancer, but mouth, throat, esophagus, larynx, bladder, kidney, cervical or pancreatic cancer. There is also increasing evidence that second-hand smoke contributes to lung cancer in non-smokers.

Workers who are exposed to high levels of radon, a radioactive gas, also have an increased risk of developing lung cancer. Other occupational exposures that have been associated with lung cancer include processing of steel, nickel, chrome, coal gas and asbestos.

Lung cancer usually does not have any symptoms when it first develops. Doctors sometimes only discover lung cancer after an individual has a chest X-ray for another medical reason.

The most common symptoms are:
– Persistent cough
– Shortness of breath
– Bloodstained phlegm
– Loss of weight and appetite
– Chest pain
– Hoarseness of voice
– Repeated bouts of pneumonia or bronchitis


MAKNA (Majlis Kanser Nasional) or National Cancer Council is a not-for-profit mainly tasked to pool and utilise every effort, expertise and welfare from every faction of society to fight cancer and to reduce the pain, suffering and morbidity that cancer patients often experience.

It aims to provide curative care and preventive care, cancer research and support services to cancer patients and their families, high-risk groups and the general public in Malaysia and the region.

Together with ordinary Malaysians from all walks of life, MAKNA hopes to inspire extraordinary change and give people affected by cancer renewed hope in life.

MAKNA is registered under the Registrar of Societies Malaysia on 10 November 1994 and was officially launched on 30 March 1995. It was founded by Dato’ Mohd Farid Ariffin in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Official website: http://makna.org.my
Official Facebook Page: http://www.facebook.com/maknacancer
Official Twitter Page: https://twitter.com/makna_malaysia


39 Comments on “[English] MAKNA Getting to know Lung Cancer”

  1. do you need to go to the docter when like just your chest hurts cus when i breathe rarely it hurts whenbi breathe a deep breathe then goes away after 1 min or when i have more than 3 symptoms?

  2. on you tube is a series of 3 segments called tobacco wars. watch and you will see very disturbing information and read Alan Carr's book "the easy way to stop smoking" and you will know what a trick has been played on us.. they knew CIGS caused cancer in the 1950's, maybe even earlier.

  3. im 20 years old smoked cigs for 4 years (3-5 cigs a day). smoking weed is the same way except i still smoke it everyday. My respiratory problems are the following… often in the need to take deep breaths or yawning. very minor chest pain hardly exist, little tiny spec of blood in spit or mucus rarely. Pretty sure i got the good ol "C" word inless someone knows another ilness with those symptoms

  4. guys please answer i m about to die from fear, i m 15 and i smocked for 3 months : 1 cig per day max ! now i quited ! please do i have cancer ? i swear i cannot sleep ..

  5. can I get this from smelling soap like I know this is weird but can I cause I have this pain in my left lung but I don't feel any type of ball/tumor so idk if im ok or not and I have shortness of breath and chest pains but im really lazy and don't exercise so idk

  6. I don't have any of these symptoms but I had picked up smoking for about 4 months. I'd only smoke weed and sometimes blunts before hand but I had picked up a habit of smoking tobacco when I'd drink beer and ended up with pain in my upper back next to my left shoulder blade but had no idea what it was I even went to the doctor but they said it was my muscles but I didn't know it could have been from smoking at the time. I stopped smoking tobacco and the pain in my back went away so I decide to look up what I was feeling and it showed me a lung tumor. it scared me a bit so idk what to think if I just have damaged lungs or a tumor. but I don't have any of these symptoms in the video I don't even have a cough or shortness of breath. its just my upper back area slightly hurts if I stretch really hard and sometimes I have an irritation between my shoulder blades but my bones crack a lot in that area. hopefully I just have damaged lungs that are healing I feel like an idiot for doing this to myself. I'm 22 btw and I will never touch a cigarette again in my life if I live through it 😞😞😞

  7. The most common symptoms are:
    1 Persistent cough
    2 Shortness of breath
    3 Bloodstained phlegm
    4 Loss of weight and appetite
    5 Chest pain
    6 Hoarseness of voice
    7 Repeated bouts of pneumonia or bronchitis..

    Im smoking tar 6mg 20 tobaccos [ 1 pack ] a day for nearly 10 years..and my age is 39 now. my height is 170 cm . my waight is 46 kgs now.. before 5 years my waight was 48 – 49 kgs.. i have no appetite for foods for 7 – 8 years..now its worst.. sometimes i dont eat anything for 36 hours.. and i feel i have a shortness of breath according to other persons… my breath sound is very silent when i go to bed.. at least i cant hear that sound.. and for last 3 years i got cough 2 times.. that was very rare cough.. in those 2 times i couldnt sleep ..i suffered that rare cough 0nce for every 10 seconds for whole day . in last time i went to the hospital and got checked. an old lady doctor checked my chest and gave me some drugs for 5 days and told me " if you get not well by this drugs , we will have a nother check up after 5 days".. fortunately i got well .. but im smoking yet 20 tobaccos a day.. i feel my voice is weak for 4 – 5 years .. and i feel something strucked in my throat always.. i dont understand the meaning of no 3 and 7 .. so i cant tell anything about them.. i have experienced chest pain some times.but not always.
    what do you think about my situation? i have not checked any body check up for canser.. can it detect by blood test? please explaine me..

  8. I doubt very much if this comment will post. it's probably much TOO LONG to be acceptable. But I just felt I had to say this and get it out.
    I am 60, a woman and a non smoker. I tried it during my teenage years and decided against it. Growing up I was exposed to a lot of second hand smoke . my Grandfather, my Mother, and my Father were very heavy smokers. I remember getting in trouble for rolling down the car windows a crack to help me breathe when I was young . I have personally been with 4 people I loved dearly when they died a horrible death due to something caused by smoking plus watched another die slowly all from cigarettes. I hate smoking. I was with my beloved Grandpa as a cancerous tumor slowly strangled him to death. My beloved step Daddy went in for a routine lung biopsy for lung cancer, 17 yrs after he had quit smoking, and never left the hospital. It was heartbreaking watching him die in such pain. My natural father had a stroke they determined was from his years of smoking, even though he had quit. It was awful watching him die also. Then there is my father in law who, like many of you out there, refused to quit smoking even after his heart attach, even after he got throat cancer. He continued while being fed thru a stomach tube and tried when they put in a tracheal tube. He kept smoking until he no longer was able to.. The pain and sorrow of watching his suffering as Hospice cared for him as he lay in a fetal position dying is an image I will never forget. My Mom got a second chance at happiness when she remarried her childhood sweetheart. Even though he had quit smoking, he lived with Emphysema and COPD. His life was ruled by a breathing machine and shortness of breath. They had 10 wonderful years before lung cancer reared it's ugly head. Because of his lungs they could do nothing and it was quick but terrible.
    My husband, whom I have been married to for 43 years and love more than life itself, has been with me through all of this. He has seen the terrible suffering and pain smoking has caused. Yet….he smokes! But never in front of me – I've been known to rip them out of his hand and throw them away. YOU may do what YOU wish I don't judge, but he's my husband and I have a say so. I don't want to lose him.But I probably will. He doesn't smoke on weekends or when he is off work for a week or so. I thought he was gonna quit when we had a scare about 8 Mos ago with a CT scan. but the 3 month CT scan showed no growth and he started back up. He IS in the early stages of COPD and I can hear him wheeze at night. It has woken me thinking I hear baby kittens crying, but it's only him….breathing. …wheezing. I threatened him long ago I would not take care of him if he got lung cancer or such from smoking. I would NOT watch him die from smoking those DAN CIGARETTES! It's really the one big thing we have fought over in our 43 years of marriage. But I will if it happens. I love him too much not to. I just pray it doesn't happen.
    As I said in the beginning, this comment probably won't post. It's probably too long to be acceptable. But I just had to say this.

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